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夏威夷頒布法令禁用防曬霜

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原標題:夏威夷頒布法令禁用防曬霜

對愛美的女士來說,去海邊度假不用防曬霜簡直是不可想象的事情,但是美國夏威夷州即將頒布的禁令就是針對防曬霜的,因為各種防曬產品已經危及到那里珊瑚礁的生存。

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In an effort to save its at-risk coral reefs, Hawaii has become the first state to pass a law banning specific sunscreen products.

為了拯救夏威夷瀕危的珊瑚礁,夏威夷州成為美國首個對特定防曬產品頒布禁令的州。

The new law prohibits the sale and distribution of sunscreens containing the chemicals oxybenzone and octinoxate. Scientists have found that these chemicals, when washed off the skin and into the ocean, can cause coral bleaching.

這項新法令禁止銷售含有氧苯酮和桂皮酸鹽的防曬產品??茖W家發現防曬產品中的這些成分從人類身上被沖洗到海水中以后會導致珊瑚白化。

Coral reefs are fragile, yet vital, parts of the world's ecosystems, and they support the highest marine biodiversity in the world. Reefs are also essential to more than half a billion people who depend on them for food, jobs and recreation — with an estimated economic impact of $375 billion a year.

珊瑚礁十分脆弱,作為世界生態環境重要的一部分,珊瑚礁維持著世界最高的海洋生物多樣性。同時,超過5億人的食物、工作以及娛樂都要仰仗珊瑚礁資源。據估算,珊瑚礁每年可以創造出3750億美元的經濟效益。

As early as the 1990s, scientists have examined the effects of sunscreen, and other personal products made with chemicals, on the environment. And a globe-spanning 2015 study examined coral reefs in the US Virgin Islands, Israel and Hawaii, and found that oxybenzone significantly leaches coral of nutrients. Some ecotourism sites and private resorts in the tropics already prohibit similar products.

在20世紀90年代初,科學家就調查出防曬霜和其他含有化學物質的個人用品對環境的影響。然后在2015年全球范圍內的研究中發現在美屬維爾京群島、以色列和夏威夷群島,氧苯酮會極大地濾掉珊瑚的養分。在一些熱帶的生態旅游景點和私人度假村已經禁止使用相似的防曬產品了。

Democrat Sen. Mike Gabbard of Hawaii introduced Senate Bill No. 2571, whose text states, "These chemicals have also been shown to degrade corals' resiliency and ability to adjust to climate change factors and inhibit recruitment of new corals."

夏威夷的民主黨議員邁克·加巴德提出了第2571號參議院法案,在法案中提到,“這些化學成分也會降低珊瑚的可恢復性和適應氣候變化的能力,而且還會抑制新珊瑚的生長。”

"When you think about it, our island paradise, surrounded by coral reefs, is the perfect place to set the gold standard for the world to follow," Gabbard told the Honolulu Star-Advertiser.

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